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PROPAGATION BY SOMATIC EMBRYOGENESIS
Project Leader : Azhar Mohammed
Somatic embryogenesis is the development of embryos from vegetative cells. They are bipolar (with shoot and root) and have the potential to convert into plants through the same stages normally observed in developing zygotic embryos: globular, heart-shaped, torpedo-shaped, and finally cotyledonary stage.
Somatic embryogenesis has several advantages compared to other propagation methods: 1) somatic embryos can be propagated on a large scale, 2) a high yield of plants can be obtained in a short time, 3) the technique makes it possible to regenerate genetically transformed plants, and 4) somatic embryos can be cryopreserved for germplasm storage, which makes it possible to maintain a large number of genotypes.
To improve upon and adapt somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration procedures for clones commonly used by Malaysian farmers and breeders.