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Project Leader : Norhayati Hussain
Ingestion of cocoa or chocolate may increase the antioxidant capacity of plasma, decrease the formation of plasma 2-thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and inhibit low density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation in vitro. Meanwhile, daily ingestion of 15 g of inulin results in a significant increase in the beneficial bifidobacteria in the colon (bifidogenic effect), while at the same time significantly reducing the presence of less desirable bacteria such as Clostridia and inulin (18 g/ day for 3 weeks) may lower both total and LDL serum cholesterol. Inulin also regulates gastrointestinal transit time and stool weight and enhances the adsorption of calcium. Therefore, a healthier intestinal flora means that the human digestive system works better and absorbs more nutrients from food.
A formulation of prebiotic chocolate will be developed and tested its acceptability.